But for some girls, the message is that, to be accepted by the wider community, their bodies must be cut, altered and even reshaped through a practice known as female genital mutilation FGM. Often viewed as a rite of passage, FGM can result in serious health complications, including infections, chronic pain and infertility. It can even be deadly. Despite being internationally recognized as a human rights violation, some million girls and women alive today have undergone FGM, and if current rates persist, an estimated 68 million more will be cut between and Female genital mutilation refers to any procedure involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genitals for non-medical reasons. There are four types of FGM :.
Why Some Women Choose to Get Circumcised
Female genital mutilation - Wikipedia
Female genital cutting or circumcision FGC involves the cutting or altering of the external female genital organs. FGC is a traditional cultural practice rather than a religious practice, and its origins are unknown. The practice can be found in communities and certain ethnic groups in Africa, the Middle East, Asia and South America. According to the World Health Organization, around million women across the globe are affected, with around three million girls undergoing the procedure every year. Estimates suggest that there are around , migrant women in Australia who experienced FGC in their country of birth. In Victoria, you may hear the term female genital mutilation FGM. It is important that you inform your health professional about your preferred term to describe your particular situation or experience.
Female genital mutilation
Although primarily concentrated in 30 countries in Africa and the Middle East, it is also practised in some countries in Asia and Latin America. But what Bishara did not know was that it would leave her with irregular periods, bladder problems, and recurrent infections. She was only able to give birth via Caesarean section.
The practice is found in some countries of Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and within communities abroad from countries in which FGM is common. Typically carried out by a traditional circumciser using a blade, FGM is conducted from days after birth to puberty and beyond. In half of the countries for which national figures are available, most girls are cut before the age of five.